Mangustaan (Mangosteen) – The Queen of Fruits

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Mangosteen or Mangustaan is also fondly called the ‘Queen of Fruits’
  • Mangosteen is the national fruit of Thailand
  • They are rich sources of antioxidants and vitamin C

ORIGIN
Mangosteen fruit scientifically name is Garcinia Mangostana. It is a tropical evergreen tree originated in Indonesia. Mangustaan or Mangosteen are also available in several South East Asian regions like Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam and Thailand and also in some regions of Africa. It is a fragrant tropical fruit in the size of a small orange, with leathery purple-maroon shell surrounds a moist, snow-white and sweet fleshy interior. It is known that the mangustaan trees used to flourish in southern India throughout the 18th century.
Grown in India: The Nilgiris hills, the southern districts of Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, and Kerala.

NUTRITIONAL VALUE

Nutritional Value per 100g
Water80.94 g
Energy73 kcal
Protein0.41 g
Total lipid (fat)0.58 g
Carbohydrate17.91 g
Fiber1.8 g
Cholesterol0 mg
MineralsQuantity
Calcium12 mg
Iron0.3 mg
Magnesium13 mg
Phosphorus8 mg
Potassium48 mg
Sodium7 mg
Zinc0.21 mg
VitaminsQuantity
Vitamin C2.9 mg
Thiamin0.054 mg
Riboflavin0.054 mg
Niacin0.286 mg
Vitamin B-60.018 mg
Folate, DFE31 µg
Vitamin B-120 µg
Vitamin A, RAE2 µg
Vitamin A, IU35 IU
Vitamin D (D2 + D3)0 µg
Vitamin D0 IU
Cholesterol0 mg
INCREDIBLE BENEFITS OF MANGOSTEEN, THE QUEEN OF FRUITS

1. Source of Antioxidants
Mangosteen is a high source of antioxidants and vitamins. Mangosteen contains two classes of Xanthones – alpha Mangosteen and gamma Mangosteen. The Xanthones are found in the fruit wall or pericarp of the fruit. Xanthones work to reduce oxidative stress caused by free radicals. By damaging the free radicals, these antioxidants protect the body from various diseases, ranging from common cold and flu, cancer risk and heart disorders.

2. Boosts Immunity
The Xanthones combined with vitamin C found in abundance in Mangosteen work wonders for an enhanced and improved immunity system. While Xanthones do their bit in fighting the free radicals, Vitamin C promotes the production and function of leukocytes or the white blood cells, which are majorly responsible for good immunity. The more the count, the more you are protected against infections.

3. Helpful for Menstrual Problems
Mangosteen roots have been traditionally used in various parts of Indonesia for regulating menstrual cycle in women.

4. Tuberculosis
Mangosteen fruit contains strong antibacterial and antifungal properties besides being highly effective in boosting poor immune systems. Its inhibitory action against harmful bacteria is effective for patients suffering from tuberculosis.

5. Cancer
The antioxidants in mangosteen help prevent cancer and other cardiovascular diseases. It is a powerful and effective antioxidant that protects our body from free radicals that cause oxidative stress, or cellular rust that can lead to host of severe medical conditions. Xanthones are natural products with awesome pharmaceutical and therap eutical properties. The perciarp, the fruit, heartwood and leaf of mangostan tree are widely claimed to have medicinal properties with antioxidant, anti- tumor, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-viral activities. Xanthones of mangostan possess chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activities, which helps in controlling cell division and growth, apoptosis, inflammation, and metastasis of different stages of carcinogenesis or cancer. It is also established through various research studies that xanthones inhibit proliferations of human tumor cells.

6. Weight loss
Mangosteen significantly helps in a weight-loss journey. Mangosteen helps in the prevention of weight gain, by cutting down fat. Xanthones present in mangosteen aid in weight loss.

7. Anti-inflammatory:
Inflammation can cause cold, flu, and increase pain in swellings. Mangosteen has high anti-inflammatory properties. The inhibited release of Histamine and Prostaglandin helps in the anti-inflammation process.

IMPORTANT TIPS & FACTS
1. Juice made out of the Mangosteen peel can make your skin feel tighter.
2. Pregnant women should avoid consuming this, since it can be harmful to the foetus.
3. Wash the Mangosteen fruit thoroughly under running water and wipe it with a soft towel to clean it.
4. Mangosteens are available fresh during the summer months.
5. Injury to the fruit can make the whole fruit bitter and inedible.
6. Always buy fresh fruits that feel heavy and have a bright purple colored skin. Dry and blotched skin indicates an old stock.
7. Ripe fruits should be placed in a cool and dry place. They can even be stored in the refrigerator.

REFERENCE:
Shan T, Ma Q, Guo K, Liu J, Li W, Wang F, Wu E. Xanthones from mangosteen extracts as natural chemopreventive agents: potential anticancer drugs. Curr Mol Med. 2011 Nov;11(8):666-77. PMID: 21902651, PMCID: PMC3237908