New Discoveries of Health Benefits of Kodukkapuli or Jungli Jalebi
(Pithecellobium dulce)

ORIGIN
Kodukkapuli (Pithecellobium dulce) belongs to pea family (Fabaceae), which is native to the Pacific Coast and adjacent highlands of Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. This species had been introduced and naturalized in the Caribbean, Florida, Guam, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Thailand and the Philippines. It is also called as Jungli Jalebi or Manila Tamarind or Camachile.

TRADITIONAL TREATMENT

  • The bark is used as an astringent for dysentery in India
  • The pulp from the fruits is said to be astringent and used to stop haemorrhage and to control coughing up of blood.
  • The ground seed is sometimes traditionally used to clean ulcers.
  • The bark and pulp are used as remedy against gum ailments, toothache, and haemorrhage.
  • Extract of leaves is used for gallbladder ailments
  • Seeds are ground and used to clean ulcers

NUTRITIONAL VALUE

Nutritional Value of Kodukkapuli or Pithecellobium dulce
Energy78 kcal
Water0.778
Protein0.03
Fat0.04
Carbohydrate0.182
Fiber0.012
Ash0.06
Calcium(1.3% RDI) 13 mg
Phosphorous(4.2% RDI) 42mg
Iron(2.7% RDI) 5mg
Sodium19mg
Potassium(6.3% RDI) 222mg
Vitamin A15mg
Thiamin/B1(16.6% RDI) 24mg
Riboflavin/B2(5.8% RDI) 10mg
Niacin/B6(3% RDI) 60mg
Vitamin C(221% RDI) 133mg
TOP HEALTH BENEFITS

1. Anti-Inflammatory / Antibacterial
Fresh flowers yield a glycoside quercitin (plant flavonol) which has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. The seeds contain dulcin (bisdesmodic triterpenoid saponin) which is known to have anti-inflammatory properties.

2. Antioxidant
Leaves contain good amount of phenolics and flavonoids which fight against the free radicals.

3. Anti-tuberculosis / Antimicrobial
Leaf extracts exhibit inhibitory activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains.

4. Anti-Diabetic
Leaves and bark have properties to control blood sugar. Fruits can significantly reduce blood sugar, urea and creatinine.

5. Anti-Ulcer
Kodukkapuli is loaded with flavinoids like quercetin, rutin, kaempferol, naringin, daidzein. The anti-oxidants may cure ulcers through its free-radical scavenging activity.

6. Hepatoprotective
Through its antioxidants, it has the ability to protect liver.

7. Muscle Relaxant / CNS Depressant
Kodukkapuli has the right nutrition to soothe your central nervous system, thereby calm you down in times of stress and also may help improve sleep. It also has properties to act as muscle relaxant. Vitamin B1 -this helps to nourish the nerves and the brain.

8. Reduces Cholesterol
Kodukkapuli has Vitamin B3 (niacin) which reduces total serum cholesterol, LDL, and an
increase in serum HDL cholesterol level.

9. Insecticide
Leaf and Seed extracts are believed to have properties to control mosquitoes.

10. Antimicrobial
Leaf extracts are found to have antimicrobial activities.

11. Cardioprotective
Fruit peels have properties to protect your heart.

12. General Health
Vitamin B2 contributes to the skin, nails and hair health. Calcium helps to give a boost to bones and enamel. Phosphorus contributes to the expansion and restoration of body. Iron contributes to the prevention of fatigue of the body.

13. Beauty
Kodukkapuli eliminates pigmentation, cures Acne and Pimples, removes Dark Spot, and acts as natural skin moisturizer

WARNING
It is safe to consume fruits as it has been traditionally taken as part of diet. Leaf, bark, seed extracts have to be consumed under the supervision of a medical practitioner.

REFERENCE
Kaushik V Kulkarni and Varsha R Jamakhandi. “Medicinal uses of Pithecellobium dulce and its health benefits”. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2018; 7(2): 700-704