Surprising Health Benefits of Ginger

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Ginger is an herb belongs to India and China are known as Zingiber officinale.
  • It is often referred to as a root, ginger is an underground stem.
  • Ginger is antimicrobial with multiple medicinal properties and benefits.
  • In ancient days, ginger was used as a food preservative.


ORIGIN
Ginger is known as essence and spice, but it is also one of the oldest remedies in herbal and aromatic traditional treatments, especially in China, India, and the Middle East. Native to the Indo-Malaysian rain forests, ginger favours lush, moist, tropical soils for cultivation. The perennial plant grows bright red flowers that come in different shapes such as torch and honeycomb and are often used in seasonal festivals in the South Pacific for the decoration.
Grown in India: India is the largest producer and consumer of ginger in the world. Ginger is cultivated in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Kerala, Karnataka, Sikkim, and Madhya Pradesh. Kerala is the largest ginger producing state, accounting for about 33% of the total production in India.

NUTRITIONAL VALUE

NUTRIENT
UNIT
VALUE (Per 100g)
Proximates
Waterg85.62
Energykcal51
Proteing0.39
Total lipid (fat)g0.05
Carbohydrate, by differenceg13.6
Fiber, total dietaryg0.2
Sugars, totalg13.4
Minerals
Calcium, Camg4
Iron, Femg0.24
Magnesium, Mgmg17
Phosphorus, Pmg13
Potassium, Kmg278
Sodium, Namg6
Zinc, Znmg0.05
Vitamins
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acidmg29.8
Thiaminmg0
Riboflavinmg0.131
Niacinmg1.46
Vitamin B-6mg0.05
Folate, DFEµg7
Vitamin B-12µg0
Vitamin A, RAEµg36
Vitamin A, IUIU717
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)mg0.01
Vitamin D (D2 + D3)µg0
Vitamin DIU0
Vitamin K (phylloquinone)µg0.4
Lipids
Fatty acids, total saturatedg0.004
Fatty acids, total monounsaturatedg0.006
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturatedg0.029
Fatty acids, total transg0
Cholesterolmg0
Other
Caffeinemg0
Source:USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference


INCREDIBLE BENEFITS OF GINGER
1. Aids digestion
Ginger contains phenolic compounds are helping to relieve gastrointestinal (GI) irritation and suppress gastric contractions, so that food and fluids can go through the gastrointestinal tract. Ginger also appears to have beneficial effects on the enzyme’s trypsin and pancreatic lipase and to increase motility through the digestive tract. Ginger could help prevent colon cancer and constipation.
2. Nausea
Eating a piece of ginger is an effective remedy to cut down nausea caused due to morning sickness in pregnancy. Ginger juice has stimulating properties so that it can soothe your tummy. Ginger is available in the form of ginger lozenges or candies.
3. Cold and flu relief
During the winter season, drinking Ginger tea is a good way to keep warm. Ginger has the power to increase sweating, working to warm the body from within. To make Ginger tea at home, slice 20 to 40 grams (g) of fresh Ginger and keep it in a cup of hot water. Adding a slice of lemon or a honey drop adds flavour and additional benefits, which contains vitamin C and antibacterial properties. This makes a soothing natural remedy for a cold or flu.
4. Cardiovascular health
Ginger protects cardiovascular health by lowering the LDL cholesterol levels and increasing HDL cholesterol levels. Ginger also reduces the risk of blood clotting, thereby helping regulate hypertension and keeping your heart healthy.
5. Controls Diabetes
Ginger helps to regulate the blood sugar levels in people suffering from type 2 diabetes. Glycaemic and lipid abnormalities lead to long-term complications in diabetics. Therefore, to improve insulin resistance and control diabetes, consider adding this root to diet.
6. Detoxifies the Body
Ginger is good at promoting sweating. Sweating cleans out the pores and allows your body to eliminate toxins. Sweat includes a germ-fighting compound, named dermcidin. It has been positively connected to reduced viral and bacterial infections as it can create a soft lustre on a surface of the skin, which is a protective layer of previously unknown proteins.
7. Prevents Infection
Ginger is known to prevent bacterial, viral, and fungal infection, due to the presence of gingerol in it. Ginger also helps in maintaining oral health by killing the pathogens in the mouth and keep the teeth and gums intact. Antibacterial properties in Ginger help ward off pathogenic bacteria that cause urinary tract infection (UTI), bronchitis, and pneumonia.
8. Prevents Cancer
The organic compounds like gingerol, in ginger aid in the prevention of breast cancer and many other types of cancer. They have anti-inflammatory properties that help prevent carcinogenic activity in the colon that can lead to colorectal cancer. Gingerol leads to apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells, thereby reducing tumours and the growth of cancerous cells, without harming the healthy cells around them. Gingerol is well known to fight against skin cancer.
9. Recover loss of appetite
Ginger is perhaps the most widely used appetite stimulant. Ginger juice works wonders for poor appetite. Besides, it also gives the added benefit of strengthening the immune and digestive systems. In combination with coriander, which is also an appetite booster, this home remedy makes a strong appetite-stimulating drink.
IMPORTANT TIPS & FACTS
1. Ginger can last for up to three weeks in the fridge. Otherwise, peel the outer skin of Ginger and store it in the freezer, but it is always better to buy fresh ginger from the market.
2. Add fresh ginger to a smoothie or juice.
3. Ginger can be used to make tea, chopped or crushed in curries and savoury dishes, and dried or crystalized in sweets and confectionery.
4. Queen Elizabeth I of England, a fan of this rhizome, was the one to invent the gingerbread man in the 16th century, and it is now loved by millions of children and adults around the world. The gingerbread man was presented at a Royal ball, and several were made to resemble respected guests as well.
SIDE EFFECTS OF GINGER
1. Acid-reflux: It may cause acid reflux in some people.
2. Gallstones: It can increase bile production, which may cause the stone to create a block in bile flow.
3. Diabetes: It can affect your insulin and blood sugar levels drastically so make sure you talk to your doctor before adding it to your diet.
4. Blood-thinning: It should not be eaten with blood-thinning medicines or aspirin as it may affect blood clots.
5. Pregnant women: Intake of ginger has been connected to a miscarriage. Generally, Ginger is considered safe, consult your doctor before making any change in diet.