Top Health Benefits of Tamarillo

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Tamarillo is one of the very low-calorie fruit.
  • Tamarillos offers a good amount of protein, dietary fibre, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Tree Tomatoes contain important acids such as citric acid and malic acid.
  • Tree Tomatoes have an antimutagenic effect.
  • Phytonutrients in Tamarillo are Phenolics, Anthocyanin, Carotenoid, and Flavonoid. Together they make Tamarillo high in antioxidant activity.


ORIGIN
The scientific name of Tamarillo is “Solanum betaceum”. Tamarillo is also known as the “Tree Tomato”. Tamarillo is oval and egg-shaped with smooth skin. The Flesh of this fruit is juicy, sweet and tangy in taste. The outer skin of Tamarillo is tough and edible but is astringent and acidic. The colour of Tamarillo varies from yellow and orange to red and almost purple. Tree Tomatoes are thought to have originated in the semitropical high-altitude Andes forests of Brazil and Peru. The fruits cultivated on a commercial scale in large orchards in northern parts of New Zealand and exported to the USA, Australia, Japan, South Africa, and European Union countries.
Grown in India: Tree Tomatoes grow in the hilly regions of West Bengal and Maharashtra, including Assam, Uttaranchal, Nagaland, and Himachal Pradesh. Tree Tomatoes fruits can be found on a limited basis throughout the country. In the South, the fruit comes from its production in the Nilgiris hills, as this is one of the only areas cool enough to sustain the crop. In Tamil, it is called as Marattakkali.

NUTRITIONAL VALUE

NUTRIENT
UNIT
VALUE (Per 100g)
Proximates
EnergyKcal31
Carbohydratesg3.8
Proteing2
Total Fatg0.36
Cholesterolmg0
Dietary Fibreg3.3
Vitamins
Folatesµg4
Niacinmg0.271
Pyridoxinemg0.198
Thiaminmg0.043
Vitamin Aµg189.17
Vitamin Cmg29.8
Vitamin Emg2.09
Electrolytes
Sodiummg1.44
Potassiummg321
Minerals
Calciummg10.7
Coppermg0.051
Ironmg0.57
Magnesiummg20.6
Manganeseµg114
Phosphorusmg38.9
Seleniumµg0.1
Zincmg0.15
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-ßµg600
Carotene-αµg10
Cryptoxanthinµg1059
Lycopeneµg0


INCREDIBLE HEALTH BENEFITS OF TAMARILLO
1. Prevents Diabetes
Tamarillo is rich in fibre which helps to maintain sugar levels in your bloodstream. Tamarillo contains a low glycaemic index so, it does not increase your sugar level. Moreover, it is a powerhouse of chlorogenic acid that delays the occurrence of diabetes and helps promote insulin sensitivity. Nutritionists recommend that regular intake of Tamarillo into your diet may prevent the risks of type II diabetes.
2. Prevents Cancer
The amount of antioxidant found in Tamarillo may help to fight against cancer. Regular consumption of antioxidants is necessary to keep free radicals at bay and to prevent your body from oxidative damages. You can find a variety of antioxidants such as chlorogenic, flavonoid, anthocyanins, polyphenolic, etc. functioning to rejuvenate dead cells and tissues of the organs.
3. Eye health
Tamarillo is a powerhouse of vitamin A and carotenoids, both are necessary to protect your eyes from external or internal damaging factors. It also moistens eye membranes and acts as a barrier for bacteria and viruses. It lowers the chances of eye infections. It possesses various nutrients that prevent oxidative stress and degenerative eye disorders including macular degeneration and cataracts.
4. Prevents Anaemia
Iron is an important mineral to consume as it promotes the production of red blood cells in your body that prevent you from falling prey to anaemia. Anaemia leads to plenty of illnesses such as weakness, sudden fatigue, dizziness, etc. Taking Tamarillo into your daily routine to fight anaemia or to produce more red blood cells. Nutritionists encourage taking precautions in this regard as the red cells are responsible for transferring oxygen and various nutrient to your body parts.
5. Treats Tonsillitis
Tamarillo can treat problems like tonsillitis that attack your lymph node or tonsil in your mouth. The primary reason that promotes tonsillitis is inflammation – caused by infectious bacteria or a disorder of lymphatic nodes.
6. Cardiovascular Health
The minerals and vitamins in Tamarillo are said to reduce high cholesterol and blood pressure levels along with atherosclerosis prevention. The nutrients can help widening arteries that allow proper blood flow and prevent blood clotting. Tamarillo contains manganese and potassium which may help to maintain heartbeat and rhythm.
7. Prevents kidney stones
Citric acid helps to avoid the growth and development of kidney stones. It gives protective benefits with the excretion of excess calcium as well as uric acid from the body. Citric acid which is present in Tamarillo causes acidic flavour. Adding Tamarillo to the diet may lower the chances of kidney stones.
IMPORTANT TIPS AND FACTS OF TAMARILLO
1. Tamarillo should be fresh, with no green skin around the calyx. The flesh should be firm and also be slightly soft to a gentle touch. Tamarillo should also be heavy for its size and unblemished. Ripe Tamarillo is fragrant.
2. Avoid small, shrivelled, damaged and bruised fruits.
3. Tamarillo slices used in decorating fruit/green salads.
4. Its slices served as toppings on cakes, ice creams, sandwiches, etc.
5. Its juicy pulp can be pureed and blended to prepare smoothies, sauce, salsa, jams, jellies, etc.
6. Cook the pulp in embers and use it as a poultice for inflamed tonsils.
SIDE EFFECTS OF TAMARILLO
The extensive use of Tamarillo in the form of food ingredients may lead to severe allergic reactions as well as respiratory problems in some people who are susceptible to allergies form other plant species belonging to the same family, such as tomato, tomatillo, and eggplant.